Thank you/Mvto to Yoshiko Kayano for this Declaration!
Iramkarapte – “Let me touch your heart softly in greeting” in the Ainu language.
We, Indigenous Peoples from Japan and around the world have gathered in Ainu Mosir, known as
Hokkaido, Japan, in the traditional land of the Ainu people, for the 2008 Indigenous Peoples
Summit in Ainu Mosir in advance of the G8 Summit in 2008. We represent over 600 participants
from Ainu Mosir (Hokkaido), Uchinanchu (Okinawa), the United States, Canada, Hawai’i, Guam,
Australia, Bangladesh, the Philippines, Norway, Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Taiwan, and
Aotearoa (New Zealand).
We are united as Indigenous Peoples because we share each other’s fundamental values and
understandings of our place in the world which includes our reciprocal relationship with nature. The
theme of our summit is Mawkopirka which means in Ainu “Good Luck” or “Be Happy,” and which
underscores our Indigenous values and notions of well-being, and illustrates the good faith in which
we approach this Summit and all the peoples gathered.
This is the first time that we, Indigenous Peoples, have gathered around a G8 Summit, to reflect on
the issues addressed by the G8 and analyse how these relate to us. This Summit was made
possible by the Ainu through the Indigenous Peoples Summit Steering Committee and we thank
and congratulate them for their commitment and work to make this happen.
With our collective wisdom and knowledge we discerned and agreed on the key messages we
would like to relay to the G8. We learned more about the situation of the Ainu and about each
others situation and aspirations. We are also gathered to celebrate the adoption of the UN
Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) on September 13, 2007 by the United
Nations General Assembly. This is a historic landmark and a collective achievement of Indigenous
Peoples movements from the local to the global.
We welcome the “Resolution calling for the Recognition of the Ainu as Indigenous Peoples of
Japan” passed by the Japanese House of Councillors and the House of Representatives on June
6, 2008, and accepted by the Prime Minister’s office also on June 6, 2008. We celebrate this gain
with the Ainu people which results from their centuries’ old struggle.
OUR ISSUES AND CONCERNS
We want to express our profound concern over the state of the planet. Mother Nature nurtures us.
We believe that the economic growth model and modernization promoted by the G8, which
suggests that we can control and dominate nature, is flawed. This dominant thinking and practice is
responsible for climate change, the global food crisis, high oil prices, increasing poverty and
disparity between the rich and the poor, and the elusive search for peace, the themes which the G8
nations precisely want to address in this Hokkaido Toyako Summit. Some of our issues and
concerns are the following;
continuing egregious violations of our civil, political, economic, cultural and social rights.
militarization of our communities, arbitrary arrests, extrajudicial killings of indigenous
activists and use of national security and anti-terrorism laws to criminalize legitimate
resistance actions against destructive projects leading to increasing conflicts in our
grabbing of our lands by the state, corporations and landlords
continuing racism and discrimination against us and against our use of our own
languages and practice of our cultures
non-recognition of our collective identities as indigenous peoples
theft of our intellectual property rights over our cultural heritage, traditional cultural
expressions and traditional knowledge, including biopiracy of genetic resources and
desecration and destruction of sacred and religious sites.
adverse impacts of climate change and actual and potential negative effects of climate
change mitigation measures which include;
displacement from our lands because of expansion of biofuel monocrop production,
establishment of carbon sinks in our forests, building of more large scale hydro-electric
market-based mechanisms such as emissions trading leading to more centralized, top-
down management of our forests under the reduced emissions from deforestation and
degradation (REDD) scheme.
food crisis and increasing hunger due to:
decreased control and access to sources of subsistence (forests, hunting grounds,
agricultural lands, waters, grazing lands, etc.) and basis of traditional livelihoods.
dumping of highly subsidized, cheap agricultural products from the rich countries to the
the shift away from production of food crops to crops for biofuels
hoarding and speculation on food commodity prices
aggressive promotion of chemically intensive industrial agriculture and use of
increased extraction of oil, gas and minerals from our territories, in violation of our free,
prior and informed consent, leading to more environmental degradation, forced
displacements and poverty in our midst.
increasing loss of indigenous languages and cultures decreasing further the cultural and
linguistic diversity of the world.
OUR PROPOSALS TO THE G8
It is in our values of reciprocity, mutual respect, regard for the earth as our mother and all creation
as our relatives, collectivity and solidarity; in our indigenous cosmologies and philosophies; in our
traditional livelihoods, lifestyles and sustainable consumption practices that we can find the most
effective paths to a sustainable world. We sadly note that these values and practices are being
marginalized in a highly commercialized, consumerist, atomized and individualistic world when they
could instead be a guide not only for Indigenous Peoples but for the rest of humanity.
We therefore call on the G8 to do the following;
1. Effectively implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
and use this as the main framework to guide the development of all official development
assistance (ODA), investments and policies and programmes affecting Indigenous
2. That the Governments of Canada, the United States and Russia, respect the demands of
the Indigenous Peoples in their countries that they adopt the UN Declaration on the Rights
of Indigenous Peoples, and press the Governments of New Zealand and Australia to do
3. Ensure and facilitate the effective participation of Indigenous Peoples in all the processes
of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and establish a Working
Group on Local Adaptation and Mitigation Measures of Indigenous Peoples.
4. Jointly assess and evaluate with Indigenous Peoples the adverse impacts of climate
mitigation measures on them and their communities and undertake actions to address
5. Remove, as part of renewable energy sources, large hydro-electric dams and stop all
funding for these. Reject proposals to include nuclear energy as clean energy.
6. Promote and support the development of small-scale, locally-controlled, renewable energy
projects using the sun, wind, water and ocean tides in our communities through technical
and financial assistance.
7. Reform migration laws to allow for the migration of Indigenous Peoples who are forced to
leave their countries because of the impacts of climate change, such as the submersion of
small-island states and low-lying coastal areas, the erosion and destruction of their lands
due to melting of permafrost, strong typhoons and hurricanes, and desertification due to
8. Provide financial support for our campaigns to get corporations and national governments
to compensate us, through financial and other means, for the environment services (clean
air, clean water, fertile soils, etc.) we are providing to the world because of our sustainable
management and use of our forests, watersheds, and our conservation of biological
resources to ensure maintenance of biodiversity.
9. Protect, respect and ensure our rights to food, to subsistence, to practice of our traditional
livelihoods, and to self-determined development. This means the following;
Ensure our control and access to our sources of subsistence and traditional livelihoods
such as rotational agriculture, pastoralism, hunting, gathering and trapping, high
mountain agriculture, marine and coastal livelihoods, handicraft development, etc.
Stop the dumping of cheap, highly subsidized agricultural products in our communities.
Implement a moratorium on the expansion of biofuel production on our territories
unless our free, prior and informed consent is obtained.
Strictly regulate speculation on food commodity prices.
Criminalize hoarding of food by food cartels and syndicates.
10. Stop the promotion of chemical-intensive industrial agriculture in our communities and the
dissemination of genetically modified seeds in our territories. The continuing use and
export of banned toxic chemicals, fertilizers and pesticides to Indigenous communities,
especially in the developing countries should be banned and criminalized.
11. Stop facilitating the entry of transnational corporations involved in extraction of minerals, oil,
gas, coal, etc. in our communities without ensuring that the free, prior and informed
consent of the affected communities are obtained. Corporations from G8 countries which
have been involved in environmental destruction of our territories and who have committed
human rights violations against us should be brought to justice and should be required to
compensate the communities where they have polluted or otherwise caused damage.
12. Support our campaigns against the militarization of our communities, extrajudicial killings
and stop the labeling of Indigenous activists as terrorists and the use of laws such as
national security acts and anti-terrorism to curtail our legitimate resistance against
destructive projects and policies.
13. Support, through technical and financial assistance, our efforts to bring our complaints
against States, who are violating our rights, before the Treaty Bodies of the United Nations,
the regional commissions or courts on human rights such as the Inter-American Court of
Human Rights, the African Commission on Peoples and Human Rights, and the European
Commission on Human Rights.
14. Support the inclusion of UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in the
ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) Charter on Human Rights and ensure
that this becomes an integral part of the newly established ASEAN Commission on Human
15. Provide support for establishing more cultural centres and museums in our communities,
and for educational institutions and programmes promoting intercultural and bilingual
education, use of Indigenous learning and teaching methods – including education through
the traditional oral mediums of Indigenous Peoples and through honouring local ways of
learning and knowing – as well as language courses to teach Indigenous languages.
16. Give effect to the protection of Indigenous Peoples’ sacred sites in recognition of their
human rights and intergenerational responsibilities to practice, teach, and maintain their
spirituality and indigeneity through their traditional languages, customs, ceremonies, and
rituals to ensure the continuity of the sacred in the futures of those yet to be born.
17. Stop the theft and piracy of our traditional Indigenous knowledge, traditional cultural
expressions (which include indigenous designs, arts, crafts, song and music), bio-genetic
resources including our human genetic resources, by biotechnology corporations, cultural
industry, and even by States and individual scientists and researchers.
18. Reform national intellectual property laws and global Intellectual Property Rights regimes
including the TRIPS (Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) Agreement of
the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Substantive Patent Law of the World Intellectual
Property Organization (WIPO), among others, to respect and protect the collective
traditional knowledge and cultural expressions of Indigenous Peoples.
19. Stop nuclear proliferation and the use of depleted uranium as a weapon. Stop the dumping
of radioactive nuclear wastes as well as other toxic waste in Indigenous Peoples' territories.
20. To strongly support the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of
Discrimination against Women in each nation, and to ensure that the marginalization of
and violence against Indigenous women, minority women, and all other women will be
21. Remove US military bases located in Indigenous Peoples territories and bring to justice the
military personnel who have been charged with rape and sexual assault of Indigenous
women. The forced drafting and recruitment of Indigenous youth to the military should also
22. To strongly encourage the Japanese Government, jointly with the Ainu community, to
interpret the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples for implementation in
Japan as national law, and to further develop concrete actions and policy reforms to
amplify and clarify the Resolution recognizing Ainu as Indigenous Peoples. We protest the
fact that there is only one Ainu out of 8 persons included in the panel to discuss further the
implementation of this resolution. We call on the Government to increase the number of
Ainu representatives in the Panel.
PROPOSALS TO OURSELVES, INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
We also discussed what we should do as, Indigenous Peoples, to implement the UN Declaration
on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and to strengthen our solidarity with each other and with
support groups and NGOs.
1. Establish a network of Indigenous Peoples to continue the task of organizing summits in
connection with the G8 Summits in the future. Indigenous Peoples in Canada are
encouraged to organize themselves so that they can host an Indigenous Peoples' Summit
during the 2010 G8 Summit in Canada. We will also encourage the advocates of
Indigenous Peoples rights in Italy to try to organize a summit for Indigenous Peoples at the
2009 G8 Summit in Italy.
2. Ensure that we, Indigenous Peoples all over the world, take up the responsibility to
implement the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, themselves, and enter
into constructive dialogue with States, the UN System and the other intergovernmental
bodies to discuss how they can effectively implement the Declaration at the local, national,
regional and international levels.
3. Use the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, the Expert Mechanism on
Indigenous Peoples' Rights, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and
fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, as mechanisms to monitor and ensure the
implementation of the UNDRIP by the aforementioned actors.
4. Ensure widespread dissemination of the UNDRIP through the use of multimedia, the
translation of this into languages understood by Indigenous Peoples, and the preparation
of popular versions which can easily communicate the substance of the UNDRIP.
5. Work towards getting the UNDRIP integrated as part of the education curriculum of
schools starting from pre-school to higher learning institutions.
6. Establish and replicate the experiences of the Maori and others in setting up language
nests where Indigenous Peoples can learn how to speak fluently their languages to arrest
the loss of indigenous languages in the world.
7. Organize and sponsor more education and training-workshops for our peoples where they
can learn more about the UNDRIP, how to implement it and learn more about the existing
instruments and mechanisms within the United Nations, the regional human rights bodies
and courts on human rights where they may bring their concerns if the UNDRIP is not
adequately implemented by States.
8. Establish international tribunals to hear and address Indigenous Peoples’ issues and
adjudicate issues which are not adequately addressed under domestic and international
9. Establishment of an Indigenous Peoples Green Fund to support the initiatives of
Indigenous Peoples to establish and strengthen their traditional livelihoods, their arts and
crafts and other forms of development which are consistent with their visions of their self-
10. Support the fundamental rights of Indigenous Peoples to practice and to enjoy their cultural
history and the right to protect and to teach their cultural heritage through the
establishment of Indigenous-owned and controlled cultural centres within states and local
11. Support the struggle bv Indigenous peoples for land justice and for the return of forests
and traditional lands to the ownership and control of Indigenous peoples.
The implementation of the Declaration will not only benefit Indigenous Peoples but will also benefit
the earth and the rest of the world. If we are allowed to continue practicing our sustainable ways of
caring for the earth and caring for our relatives, not only human beings, but also plants, animals
and all other living things, these practices will redound for the benefit of everybody. If we are able
to continue speaking our languages and practicing our diverse cultures, then the world's cultural
heritage will be enriched. If our diverse economic, cultural, spiritual, social and political systems are
allowed to co-exist with other dominant systems then we can bequeath to our children and our
children's children a more diverse and viable world.
Agreed upon on July 4, 2008 by the following representatives:
Ainu (Japan): Ukaji Shizue, Kayano Shirô, Hideo Akibe, Shimazaki Naomi, Yûki Kôji, Sakai Mina,
Kibata Kamuisanihi, Kibata Hirofumi, Hitoresi (Kawakami Hiroko), Sakai Atsushi
Ami (Taiwan): Sing ‘Olam
Igorot (Philippines): Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, Chairperson of the United Nations Permanent Forum
on Indigenous Issues
Kanakana’ey - Igorot (Philippines): Joan Carling
Juma (Bangladesh): Dipty
Chamoru (Guam): Fanai Castro
Hawai’i: Puanani Burgess, Puaena Burgess
Ngati Maniapoto (Maori, Aotearoa): Hohepa Rauputu
Ngati Ranginui, Ngati Tutwharetoa (Maori, Aotearoa): Zack Bishara
Nga Puhi, Ngati Kahu, Te Rarawa (Maori, Aotearoa): Eddie Walker
Ngai Tahu (Maori, Aotearoa): Steven Kent
Taranaki, Te Ati Awa, Ngati Maniapoto, Te Ati Haunui A Paparangi (Maori, Aotearoa): Liana
Uchinanchû (Japan): Nakaima Kenta
Yorta Yorta (Australia): Wayne Atkinson
Saami Nation: Magne Ove Varsi
Maya Kachikel (Guatemala): Rosalina Tuyuc
Miskito (Nicaragua): Rose Cunningham
Nauha (Mexico): Marcos Matias Alonso
Cherokee (USA): Jacqueline Wasilewski
Comanche (USA): Ladonna Harris and Laura Harris
Isleta and Taos Pueblo (USA): Ron Looking Elk
Jemez Pubelo (USA): Paul Tosa
Mohawk (Canada): Ben Powless
Lakota Sioux (USA)
St'at'imc (Lil’wat) (Canada): Attila Nelson